laboratoire Analyse et Traitement Informatique de la Langue Française (ATILF)
CNRS Université de Lorraine

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ILF
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Article du Mélanges n° 26 (2001 - Spécial Jeunes Chercheurs)

L’ORALITE ET LA METALANGUE DANS LES RAPPORTS AU LANGAGE DES SCRIPTEURS/LECTEURS EN INSECURITE A L’ECRIT

ADAMI, Hervé


Despite compulsory education for all, some twenty per cent of French school leavers remain functionally illiterate : this situation has been confused by a lack of clear distinc¬tions between various groups of learners, in particular between those who have French as a mother tongue and those who do not, and those who have a minimal knowledge of the French writing system and those who have no knowledge of any writing system whatsoever. Such a level of school failu¬re is both the cause and the result of a massive social schism, and maintains an imbalance in access to knowled¬ge and, consequently, to power. Comparing the French situation with examples drawn from a number of periods and cultures, the author argues that individuals whose mastery of the written form is inadequate produce texts which have some of the fundamental characteristics of spo¬ken interaction. Where spoken language is indexically lin¬ked to its context of situation, written language is largely decontextualised, requiring different modes of coherence and implicature. Moreover, the limited range of social interaction available to immigrants in particular means that their French is fossilised. In these circumstances, only the ability to write and the possession of a metalanguage can break the vicious circle and give access to abstract concepts. Both the teaching methodology and the metalanguage have to be based on learners’ representations of the communicative situation and of their needs.


version complète et imprimable
L’ORALITE ET LA METALANGUE DANS LES RAPPORTS AU LANGAGE DES SCRIPTEURS/LECTEURS EN INSECURITE A L’ECRIT


2005-04-12 09:41:19

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