laboratoire Analyse et Traitement Informatique de la Langue Française (ATILF)
CNRS Université de Lorraine

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ILF
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Article du Mélanges 1982

ACTES ILLOCUTOIRES ET DISCOURS DE LA PRESSE ECRITE

DUDA, Richard


The purpose of this article is to investigate the applicability of the speech act theory to written discourse, specifically that of the press. A survey of Searle’s taxonomy leads to the suggestion that the constituent statements of most newspaper articles belong to the class of the illocutionary acts he calls "representatives". In consideration of the basic characteristic of representatives, that is, the acceptability or not of their truth-value, the article then describes the effect of epistemic modulation on the reader, the use of credibility-including tactics by the writer, and the implications of the use of explanation as distinct from clarification as a means for anticipating the reader’s reaction. Finally, a dictinction is drawn between text-centred illocution on the one hand, and reader-oriented illocution on the other. Textual interpretation will depend partly on the reader’s ability to perceive these two types of illocution correctly.


version complète et imprimable
ACTES ILLOCUTOIRES ET DISCOURS DE LA PRESSE ECRITE


2005-05-31 11:20:42

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